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Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) was founded by Marsha Linehan. She researched inpatient clients who struggled to stabilize from disorders. Her research supports the biosocial theory of development that we are born more sensitive; our environment impacted our development or both. She developed four core areas using skills based approach to help people recover and manage their lives better. DBT focuses on mindfulness, distress tolerance, interpersonal effectiveness and emotional regulation to help improve functioning.
Mindfulness is learning to live and be connected to what is going on now by learning six core areas. Distress tolerance is learning how to survive your own crisis without having to make false gestures or be hospitalized. Interpersonal effectiveness is learning how to get what you need and give others what they need in return, so balancing within relationships. Emotional regulation is to help with improved ability to manage moods and identify emotions within you. These skills can be taught individually or in group settings. Through psycho-educational and process therapy people are able to improve their social, emotional and mental health.